- Robert E. Petersen Collection
- Ancient Firearms - 1350 to 1700
- Road to American Liberty - 1700 to 1780
- A Prospering New Republic - 1780 to 1860
- The American West - 1850 to 1900
- Innovation, Oddities and Competition
- Theodore Roosevelt and Elegant Arms - 1880s to 1920s
- World War I and Firearms Innovation
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- A Nation Asunder - 1861 to 1865
Steyr Mannlicher Model S Bolt Action Rifle
This magnum-chambered rifle features a bas relief depiction of a water buffalo on the magazine.
1972 Mannlicher (Austria) Model S Bolt-Action Detachable Rotary Magazine Rifle (repeater/ breech-loader/ smokeless powder/ cartridge ammunition) Just as 'Kleenex' became a generic name for paper tissues, Mannlicher has become a generic for full-stock rifles with a unique taper at their muzzle end. Founded by Ferdinand Ritter von Mannlicher and Otto Schoenauer in 1903, Mannlichers are now manufactured by Steyr-Daimler-Puch in Austria. Famous also for rotary-action magazines, Mannlichers occupy a unique niche in American hunting circles. This example is chambered for a magnum .375 H&H cartridge.
It was purchased in Germany and taken to Canada for large game hunting. Because of its punch, the .375 H&H is a very popular large game hunting round both in England, where it was designed, and in Canada. --Dr. William L. Roberts, THE AMERICAN LIBERTY COLLECTION; #169 The Mannlicher-Schoenauer rifle action was developed at the Austrian Arms Factory at Steyr, Austria in 1900. Named for its inventors, Ferdinand Ritter von Mannlicher and Otto Schoenauer, these actions incorporate a number of features that were revolutionary at the time of their introduction. Mannlicher, one of the world's foremost arms inventors, was born in Mainz, Germany in 1848, and before his death in 1904, he had developed the clip-loading magazine system and the straight-pull rifle action, as well as several automatic rifles and pistols which were patented on both sides of the Atlantic.
Otto Schoenauer, a native-born Austrian, served for a number of years as the director of the Austrian Arms Factory and is remembered as the inventor of the rotary magazine used in the Mannlicher-Schoenauer rifle. Schoenauer was not the originator of the rotary magazine concept, but he had been working with this system since 1885 and perfected his design near the turn of the century. This magazine was originally incorporated into Mannlicher's .43 caliber turn-bolt rifle in 1887, and one year later, it was used in the Mannlicher straight-pull rifle. The Austrian Arms Factory developed the Mannlicher-Schoenauer rifle in 1900, using Mannlicher's receiver and bolt design, coupled with a 5-round Schoenauer spring-tensioned rotary-spool box magazine.
This design was adopted by Greece in 1903 in both rifle and carbine versions, and they served as the Greek Army's principle infantry arms until after the Second World War. Although not overly successful in military applications, the Mannlicher-Schoenauer became the basis of the renowned Steyr hunting rifle, with its slim fore end that extended to the muzzle. This stock with its characteristic features are still known by the generic name "Mannlicher".